• Saturday, February 24, 2024

HEALTH

Breakthrough gene therapy enables deaf boy to hear

The boy is holding his ear. Ear pain, loss of hearing. Close-up photo. No face is visible.

By: Kimberly Rodrigues

Thanks to a breakthrough gene therapy, an 11-year-old boy is experiencing the world of sound for the first time. He can now hear his father’s voice, the noise of cars passing by, and the snipping of scissors as they cut his hair – all new auditory experiences for him.

The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) which carried out the treatment — a first in the United States — said in a statement Tuesday (23) the milestone represents hope for patients around the world with hearing loss caused by genetic mutations.

Aissam Dam was born “profoundly deaf” because of a highly rare abnormality in a single gene.

“Gene therapy for hearing loss is something that we physicians and scientists in the world of hearing loss have been working toward for over 20 years, and it is finally here,” said surgeon John Germiller, director of clinical research for CHOP’s otolaryngology division.

“While the gene therapy we performed in our patient was to correct an abnormality in one, very rare gene, these studies may open the door for future use for some of the over 150 other genes that cause childhood hearing loss.”

Aissam Dam, the 11-year-old patient who received the gene therapy treatment (third from left) – Image Credit: Handout photo by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

In patients like Aissam, a defective gene prevents the production of otoferlin, a protein necessary for the “hair cells” of the inner ear to be able to convert sound vibrations into chemical signals that are sent to the brain.

Otoferlin gene defects are highly rare, accounting for 1 – 8 per cent of hearing loss present from birth.

On October 4, 2023, he underwent a surgical procedure that involved partly lifting his eardrum and then injecting a harmless virus, which had been modified to transport working copies of the otoferlin gene, into the internal fluid of his cochlea. As a result, the hair cells began making the missing protein and functioning properly.

Almost four months since receiving the treatment in one ear, Aissam’s hearing has improved to the point he only has mild-to-moderate hearing loss and he is “literally hearing sound for the first time in his life,” said the statement.

The New York Times reported that despite being able to hear, Aissam, who was born in Morocco and later moved to Spain, may never learn to talk, as the brain’s window for acquiring speech closes around the age of five.

The US Food and Drug Administration, which greenlighted the study, wanted to start the research on older children first, for safety reasons.

The trial, sponsored by Akouos, Inc, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company, is one of several underway or about to start in the United States, Europe, and China, where a handful of other children have already been reportedly cured.

“As more patients at different ages are treated with this gene therapy, researchers will learn more about the degree to which hearing is improved and whether that level of hearing can be sustained over many years,” Germiller said.

(AFP)

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